the Short review of historical events
During the Great Freezing of Europe in Foothills of Crimea animals of all climatic zones from tundra to tropics, and also all tribes of primitive hunters have been pushed aside. The set of cave parking, for example, a grotto of Kiik-koba (the Cave of the Savage) at Belogorska, and also samples of instruments of labour and art which carry to the Stone Age has remained. Parking of this time on slopes of a file Ak are so numerous that it is possible to consider this place original "ё=юышчхщ" Paleolithic culture not only Crimea, but also as a whole Europe.
XV - VIII centuries - connect BC with Crimea kimmerijtsev - the nomadic aggressive people mentioned by the Homere and the Old testament. Actually already from now on the area of Feodosiya becomes the major contact zone between nomads (replacing each other), conservative mountaineers and colonists from the Mediterranean.
IX - VIII centuries BC - tribes of mountain-wood Crimea become known to a classical antiquity under a collective name "=ртЁ№".
VII centuries - in Steppe and then and in Foothill to Crimea appear BC aggressive nomads Scythians.
VI -V centuries BC - the basis of the first drevne-Greek colonies at coast and among them Feodosiya. Swimming to coast Skifii "ю=чр шё=юЁшш" Gerodota.
IV - century BC – I century AD – Feodosiya aspires to subdue to itself the next Bosporsky kingdom (with capital on a place of present Kerch), the region is involved in powerful opposition between Roman empire and barbarous kingdoms. The tsar of Pontus (the state on Maloazijsky coast of Black sea) Mitridat of VI Evpator became the most well-known enemy of Romans. In Feodosiya it built huge fleet for struggle against Roman empire.
527 - 565 years - board of the Byzantian emperor Justiniana I who have based at coast of Crimea numerous fortresses. Retraction of Feodosiya in a trading and cultural orbit of the Great Silk way. Expansion Armenian, Greek and other national communities of a city.
XIII century - Venetian, and then the Genoa colonisation of coast of Crimea. Feodosiya receives a name of Kafa. Kafinsky wine, kefelit (blue clay) and other goods become known to all Europe. In a city constantly there live also Russian merchants.
1239 - a campaign of Mongolian khan Batyja, and in 1242 - formation Crimean ulusa the Gold horde with capital in Solhate (Old Crimea). The city becomes the largest centre of trade, culture and Islam distribution. The Armenian monastery of Surb-hach thus long time keeps a role of the main centre of religion and preparation of priests for the Armenian communities of Moldova, Romania, Poland and other countries of Europe.
1420 - 1466 - the founder of a dynasty of the Crimean khans the Hadzhi-devlet-weight creates the independent state ( 1443 ) with capital in Bakhchisarai.
1475 - Osmansky Turkey grasps the Genoa fortresses on coast of Crimea and a princedom of Feodoro in Southwest to Crimea; the Crimean khanate becomes dependent on Turkey, seaside cities and among them Kefe (Feodosiya) become the centres of a slave-trade largest in Europe. Kefe receives rather prestigious nickname of Kuchuk-Istambul (Small Istanbul), remaining thus the major centre of Catholicism and the Armenian culture.
XV - a XVIII-th century - military attacks of the Crimean khanate to Moscow and Zaporozhye Sech, collection of a tribute from Russian kingdom (till 1713); attacks of Cossacks on Turkish fortresses and settlements of Tatars, military campaigns of Russian armies to Crimea: Golitsyn, Peter I, Leonteva, Miniha, Lassi.
1768-1774 - Russian-Turkish war in which result the Crimean khanate is proclaimed independent of Turkey, and in large ports appear Russian garrisons.
1783 - joining of Crimea to Russia with a recognition of the rights of the Russian nobility for all noble families of khanate. In the end XVIII century Alexander I invites colonists to the empty earths from Germany and Switzerland.
1853-1856 - the Crimean war. The basic fights follow Sevastopol: Russia struggles against England, France and the Sardinian kingdom, rescuing influence of Turkey on Black sea. However and Feodosiya is involved in battles, and neighbouring krymskotatarskie villages – in cooperation with Turkish army. With the end of war of thousand Crimean Tatars from neighbouring villages, and also the Turkish population of Feodosiya runs to Turkey. Russian government urgently occupies the empty earths Russian immigrants, and also colonists from the countries of Europe.
the End XIX century - building of railways, the basic highways existing and till now. Building of large international trading port in Feodosiya. Rapid development of business, trade, the industry representatives of all national communities of a city. Feodosiya becomes the present cosmopolitan centre of trade, crafts, cultures.
1918-1921 - severe battles of Civil war and intervention kajzerovskoj Germany come to the end with a victory of Bolsheviks, inclusion of Crimea in structure of Soviet Union (1922) with formation of the Crimean Independent Soviet Socialist Republic as a part of the Russian Federation. In Feodosiya appear ten thousand White Guards and members of their families. The Hungarian communists are engaged in their destruction Kun and Mate Zalka under the direction of the Bolshevik on a nickname of Zemljachka Is white.
1941-1944 - bloody battles of the Second World War. Feodosiya passes from hand to hand four times. The city endures bombardments, numerous landing of troops and attacks of overland parts.
on May, 18th, 1944 - mass deportation of the Crimean Tatars, Bulgarians, Greeks, gipsies in areas of Central Asia and Siberia. Political rehabilitation in 1967 and mass returning of the deported people since 1989 (Reorganization).
on February, 4-11th, 1945 - the Crimean (Yalta) conference of heads of the governments of the USSR, the USA and Great Britain has defined a post-war peace arrangement.
1954 - Crimea becomes area as a part of Ukraine.
1971 1982 - the Crimean meetings of the Secretary general of the Central Committee of the CPSU of L.I.Brezhnev with heads of brotherly parties and the countries; rapid development of resorts and tourism; development of the heavy industry and agriculture chemicalixation creates environmental problems.
1991 - "яѕ=ё" in Moscow and M.Gorbachev's arrest on its summer residence in Forose. Disorder of Soviet Union, Crimea becomes Autonomous republic as a part of Ukraine, and the Big Yalta - summer political capital of Ukraine and the countries of Prichernomorsky region.
In addition on the given theme:
Seasons and public
Transport, habitation, a food
the Nature and reserves